Plato: Properties like white and red are universals that exist beyond material objects but they do participate in them.
Aristotle: Properties like white and red are universals that exist only in material objects.
Stoics: Properties like white and red are just words we give a collection of white and red objects. At best they exist in the mind.
Diogenes: I pissed off Plato the other day. I plucked a chicken and took it to the Academy and said, “this is your featherless biped.” His face went from white to red.