Xenophanes of Colophon was a Greek philosopher ( 570 – 480 BC) who was one of first recorded critics of anthropomorphic gods.
He says, “Mortals deem that the gods are begotten as they are,
and have clothes like theirs, and voice and form.(courtesy wikipedia)”
He also says, “But if cattle and horses and lions had hands
or could paint with their hands and create works such as men do,
horses like horses and cattle like cattle
also would depict the gods’ shapes and make their bodies
of such a sort as the form they themselves have.(courtesy wikipedia)”
Despite being critical of the gods of civilizations around the world known to him, he believed that there was One God that was neither in form nor shape of mortals. He believed the One God to encompass the whole universe in spherical form. God exercised control over the whole universe but was disinterested in human affairs. It’s not clear whether Xenophane’s God was pantheistic, pandeistic, or deistic.
It is important to note that “physicist and philosopher Max Bernhard Weinstein specifically identified Xenophanes as one of the earliest pandeists. (courtesy wikipedia)”
The question, of course, is did his view of one divine being existing spherically throughout the cosmos influence the Stoic’s conception of the divine?